I asked Geoffrey Nunberg, a linguist at the University of California–Berkeley, about how people could develop this new rule. He explained a long-standing linguistic principle: “People just make shit up.”
|Act 1||Plan in Analog||Answer the One Question that Matters Most||Develop a Messianic Sense of Purpose||Create Twitter-Like Headlines||Draw a Road Map||Introduce the Antagonist||Reveal the Conquering Hero|
|Act 2||Channel Their Inner Zen||Dress Up Your Numbers||Use “Amazingly Zippy” Words||Share the Stage||Stage Your Presentation with Props||Reveal a “Holy Shit” Moment|
|Act 3||Master Stage Presence||Make It Look Effortless||Wear the Appropriate Costume||Toss the Script||Have Fun|
Peter Drucker: As soon as you move one step up from the bottom, your effectiveness depends on you ability to reach others through the spoken and written word.
Xvii – People do not pay attention to boring things.
4 – Save your bullet points for grocery lists.
5 – Remember, it’s the story, not the slides…
|9 Elements of Great Presentations||Headline||Passion Statement||3 Key Messages|
|Metaphors and Analogies||Demonstrations||Partners|
|Customer Evidence and 3rd Party Endorsements||Video Clips||Flip Charts, Props and Show-and-Tell|
9 – (an example of a good metaphor) Jobs pointed out that many people said iTunes is their favorite application for Windows. It’s like giving a glass of ice water to someone in hell!”
11 – Keep in mind that the average viewed clip on YouTube is 2.5 minutes… Our attention spans are shrinking…
13 – A Steve Jobs presentation follows Aristotle’s classic five-point plan to create a persuasive argument:
17 – The listeners in you audience are asking themselves one question – “Why should I care?”
24 – (Guy Kawasaki) “The essence of evangelism is to passionately show people how you can make history together. Evangelism has little to do with cash flow, the bottom line, or co-marketing. It is the purest and most passionate form of sales because you are selling a dream, not a tangible product.
24 – Sell dreams, not products.
28 – (Steve Jobs to John Sculley) “Do you want to spend the rest of your life selling sugared water or do you want a chance to change the world?”
32 – Marcus Buckingham… after interviewing thousands of peak performers, he arrived at what he considers the single best definition of leadership: “Great leaders rally people to a better future,” he writes in The One Thing You Need to Know.
43 – iPod. One thousand songs in your pocket.
45 – (examples of headlines) “Google provides access to the world’s information in one click.” “ Cisco changes the way we live, work, play and learn.” “Starbucks creates a third place between work and home.” “We see a PC on every desk, in every home.”
51 – Three is the magic number.
90 – (Hans Hofmann) “The ability to simplify means to eliminate the unnecessary so that the necessary make speak.”
92 – Simple slides keep the focus where it belongs—on you, the speaker.
97 – (Garr Reynolds) “In Jobs’s slides, you can see evidence of restraint, simplicity, and powerful yet subtle use of empty space.”
98 – The argument for the visual representation of ideas is such a powerful concept that psychologists have a term for it: the picture superiority effect (PSE).
106 – Jobs dresses up numbers to make them more interesting. Rolling Stone reporter Jeff Goodell once asked Jobs what he thought about Apple’s market share’s being “stuck” at 5 percent in the united States. (As of this writing, their share is 10%). The average reader might consider a 5 percent market share to be tiny. Jobs put the number in perspective when he described it this way: “Our market share is greater than BMW or Mercedes in the car industry. An yet, no one thinks BMW or Mercedes are going away and no one thinks they’re at a tremendous disadvantage because of their market share. As a matter of fact they’re both highly desirable products and brands.”
119 – (Suze Orman) “Others criticize simplicity because they need to feel that it’s more complicated. If everything were so simple, they think their jobs could be eliminated. It’s our fear of extinction, our fear of elimination, our fear of not being important that leads us to communicate things in a more complex way than we need to.”
138 – According to Kawasaki, good demos are as follows: Short. Simple. Sweet. Swift. Substantial.
151 – People will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.
If being a dog means you’re like Mr. Peabody, who never turns his back on you, and who’s always there to pick you up when you fall, and loves you no matter how many times you mess up; if that’s what it means to be a dog, then yeah! I’m a dog, too!
If I listened to other people, I would think my most marked characteristic was being thin. What strikes me about myself, however, is not my thinness but a certain remoteness. I tune out a lot.
One has to discover everything for oneself. And get over it all alone.
I’m glad to know of your doing so much reading and that you’re becoming interested in Shakespeare. If you really like and understand his work, you will have something no one can ever take from you.
And nobody should be sure they have God on their side.
There is no more everyone. Instead, there are many pockets of someones.
Solitude did increase my perception. But here’s the tricky thing—when I applied my increased perception to myself, I lost my identity. With no audience, no one to perform for, I was just there. There was no need to define myself; I became irrelevant. The moon was the minute hand, the seasons the hour hand. I didn’t even have a name. I never felt lonely. To put it romantically: I was completely free.
Haruki Murakami appeared at the 2014 Edinburgh International Book Festival and talked about Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage with the Independent’s Boyd Tonkin (BT) on Saturday.
These are my notes from the events. No recording was allowed. I am satisfied I have tried my best in taking these notes.
I was there 2 hours before the event started and there were at least 15 people waiting in line.
I had a front row seat!
Director of the festival again reminded, “no photos”, “no filming”.
Haruki Murakami (HM) was dressed in a more relaxed fashion then the day before. He wore a “Vinyl Junkie” t-shirt, checked jumper, white socks and blue Sketchers shoes.
HM said Edinburgh was a “beautiful city.” He would run in the morning. Running was the “best speed to look around the city”. Walking is too slow and driving is too fast. He said it rained a lot and talked about how hot it was in Japan. HM: “I think I am missing summer.”
HM would be going to Jura. Reason? HM: “I like whiskey… single malt.”
BT commented on the similarities between Norwegian Wood and Colorless. HM said there was no connection, “I didn’t remember Norwegian Wood at all.” Audience laughed and so did Noriko the translator. She was super amused.
HM said Colorless was based on his own experience. HM: “I have experience similar things… I was hurt… Different situation, sentiment same.”
HM: “When he’s hurt so deep, the scar stays.” He repeats “scar” and “stays”.
When asked to comment on the similarities between Sara Kimoto in Colorless and his other strong female characters, HM said, “Really?” Audience laughs again. The author’s forgetfulness is very charming. Noriko is also amused. That’s perhaps he speaks so little in public.
Both NW and Colorless are love stories. HM: “Love story is a story of search… sometimes they find one (lover). Sometimes they couldn’t. Sometimes they made a mistake.”
Asked about Kuro going to Finland, HM said she has to go far away, “another world”, “limbo”. It sounded like he did not choose Finland for any specific reason other than it’s far away.
An important clarification: HM: “Finland is not a limbo at all. Metaphorically speaking.”
HM: “I think of myself as a kind of engineer. I don’t think of myself as an artist… That would be easier for me to think of it this way.”
HM said that if he sees himself as an artist, “that would be too heavy” for him.
HM: “I have never experienced writer’s block. If i don’t wan’t to write anything, I don’t write. I do ironing. I do translation.”
He’s currently translating a Norwegian work. I didn’t get the author’s name.
BT talks about how different his books are in the use of humour and “fantastic elements” and how it would require him to be more humorous in one book and less in the other. HM: says there are “various sides in me” and he can adjust himself to meet the demands of the story, “It’s what the story decides. Not I.”
BT asked if talent must be nurtured. HM: “I have never think about talent or gift.”
HM: “I don’t think about how much talent or gift I have. It’s useless to think about it.” He just tinkers, “does his best”.
HM says he has a basement in his head which he uses when he writes. HM: “I go down to the basement. It’s scary.”
HM says writing is about his “essence”, not gift. The essence referring to the dark basement in his head.
BT said HM is famous around the world for his running and discipline. HM: “Famous? That’s great.”
The way HM says “famous?” is the same way he says “really?”. He says it fast, louder than usual and with a great sense of incredulity. Charming like hell.
HM says he needs to be physically strong so that he can “do down into the darkness” and be able to “return to the surface”. He says he is not a genius, so he would need to be strong and go down into the darkness and do the work.
HM is running the same distance as before but his “speed is getting worse and worse.”
HM listens to mostly american rock when running. He mentions Creedence Clearwater Revival. He likes Radiohead. He likes Black Eye Peas these days.
Music enables HM to keep writing. The Beatles helped HM to write Norwegian Wood.
In the morning, he listens to Classical. Driving – Rock. Sundown – Jazz.
He likes Stan Getz and Thelonious Monk.
Monk – “he knows what is the right note”. HM: “I like to write novels like he plays music.”
He is publishing a book about Monk in the summer in Japan. It is a collection of essays including one from him.
HM: “Translation is a hobby… good for balance of my mind.”
He doesn’t know why he likes Raymond Chandler. “I like his work so deep I cannot explain why.”
Asked if he has made any discoveries regarding writers, he said he has not.
He said translating has helped him put his feet in other writer’s shoes. He likes that but “not high heels”.
HM said a good translation really depends on the text. He said James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake was recently translated in Japanese – “that must be a tough job”.
HM quotes Woody Allen again, like the day before “empty sex is better than no sex”. Actual quote: “Sex without love is a meaningless experience, but as far as meaningless experiences go its pretty damn good.”
HM: “I don’t like to write sexual scenes. It’s embarrassing.”
HM: “Sex and violence is simply the door to unconsciousness.”
HM said that the european/american audiences are different from the asians. europeans/americans are more logical. Asians “just accept the story. They just accept.”
HM talked about how in Greek mythology when Orpheus wanted to go to the underworld to see his wife, he had to do many things. “In Asia, it’s easy. If you want to go other side, you just go.”
Q&A. HM said it was easier for him to write male characters but he also likes to write female characters (“I’m observing so many ladies”).
HM: “I like Sara (Colorless) so much.”
HM said if he was not a novelist, he would be a jazz bar owner like before.
When asked about his favorite characters in his own novels, he said he likes Shirakawa (he’s not like me at all). He likes cats. The talking cats in Kafka.
When asked who should direct films made from his books, “I like David Lynch. Woody Allen. I have no idea.”
HM likes Japanese food. Sashimi. Sushi. Tofu. He asked the audience member who asked him whether he likes food, “Do you like tofu? It’s good. It’s good for your body.”
He ends the session by saying, “Seaweed is great.”
“I think of myself as a kind of engineer. I don’t think of myself as an artist…. That would be easier for me to think of it this way.” – Haruki Murakami at the Edinburgh International Book Festival
One of the things reading Haruki Murakami novels taught me and is still teaching me is to see myself as ordinary. Even now, occasionally, I think of myself as special. I am not so special.
Some people have described me as self-deprecating. This is closer to the truth: I sometimes do good work, sometimes bad; I am too often hypocritical, biased, inconsistent and self-centered. I am too often an asshole.
When I started reading Murakami, I was thinking a lot about mental health. I wasn’t depressed but I thought I could be. People are difficult, life can be “difficult” even when you have food on the table and a roof over your head.
I had always been interested in the truth. It’s elusive I know but falsehoods are easier to figure out. And by eliminating falsehoods, one can reach closer to the truth. These are falsehoods – I am unbiased, I am good, I always try my best, I am hardworking, I am clever.
While extraordinary things happen to Murakami’s characters, the protagonists in his novels are ordinary people. They may have obsessions but they live simple and quiet lives and do not have an inflated opinion about themselves.
That is my desire.
At the book festival, Murakami also said that if he sees himself as an artist, “that would be too heavy”.
I desire that lightness – in my slides, my writing, my traveling, my affiliations, my emotions. Sometimes I ask myself if I am aiming too low. I leave the question unresolved. Tension is good if you manage to not let it destroy you. Recognising that I am weak, that I am scared is lightness.
It’s easier for me to think this way.
Haruki Murakami appeared at the 2014 Edinburgh International Book Festival and talked about The Wind Up Bird Chronicle with the Guardian’s John Mullan on Saturday.
These are my notes from the events. No recording was allowed. I am satisfied I have tried my best in the note-taking.
The director of the book festival said this event was a “highlight of the festival” and he has worked many years to bring Murakami to Edinburgh.
The director said Murakami had requested the audience to respect his privacy and not to take photos.
I sat on the fourth row.
HM had chosen to discuss The Wind-up Bird Chronicle (WUBC) for this event. It’s been nearly twenty years since it was published.
Noriko, the translator at the event (rarely used) worked as a waitress at Peter Cat, the jazz bar owned by HM and his wife.
The moderator, John Mullan opened with a story that happened a day before the event. He was in London and was carrying WUBC at a cafe and ordering coffee. One of the owners said What a coincidence and reveals herself to be a HM fan. John told them he was going to interview HM the next day. The other owner heard this and dropped his cup. “You’re not lying”, he asked. The female owner showed John her copy of Norwegian Wood. John: “Life becomes a Haruki Murakami novel”.
HM wrote his first novel in 1979. First-person narrative. He was uncomfortable writing in the third person. He felt that was like “looking down”. He “want(s) to be at the same level” – “it’s democratic”. For 10 years, he did not give his protagonist names. He felt it was “arrogant” and “presumptuous”. It was WUBC that he first gave his protagonist a name.
HM took 20 years to write in the third person. It was Kafka on the Shore.
John described Toru Okada, the protagonist in WUBC as passive (“things happen to him”) and possessing a negative self-image and quoted a line said by Toru that he possessed no “external distinguishing characteristics”. HM was surprised: “He said that???”
HM has forgotten a lot about his own novels. Once he’s done with them, he never re-reads them. So throughout the session, he always says “Really?” to John when asked to comment on specific incidents or lines from the novel. Really funny. The audience enjoyed it.
HM thinks that Toru is not passive but “strong”, “confident” and “modest”. HM: “In fact, he’s my hero”, “When I was younger, I wanted to be like him. I want to be a quiet person, live a quiet life.” He no longer sees him as a hero. HM: “Life is strange.”
John comments on the extraordinary things that happen to HM’s characters. HM: “When I write fiction, I need interventions… Intervention takes him (the protagonist) to another world.”
HM says that things that happen in his novel are things that happen to him (“That’s what happens to me in my life.) HM: “in those days, my cat is missing.”; “I like ironing (the audience really enjoyed this)… my wife brings her blouse and shirt, I iron.”
HM takes 2 years to write a novel. He writes everyday. Interventions help “open a window and get fresh air”. Interventions help him entertain himself and prevent him from being tired of writing.
JM comments on the stories within the stories in HM’s novels. HM said that the stories within the stories allowed him to write in the third person. The first person narrative “need(s) something else.”
Regarding the skinning incident in WUBC, HM: “I was scared when I was writing it… all the translators complain to me… writing the book was scary to me.”
Basball bat – “Yes, it’s scary… I hate that.”
HM: “violence and sexual things. I need that… I don’t like to write (that)… but for the story’s sake.”
JM comments on how he feels the characters in WUBC are cursed by World War II. HM: “Everybody is cursed. The world is haunted. We are living in the dark part.”
HM quotes Woody Allen. The actual quote: “I’m not afraid of death; I just don’t want to be there when it happens.”
HM: “We have a bloody history. History is our collective memory… I inherit those memories from my father.”
HM said he was interested in the Manchurian war. His cousin was there.
John: “Can I ask you about the well? What it’s all about?” (I got really excited here.) HM: “Is my life dream to sit at the bottom of the well. I don’t know why.”
On writing about the well, HM: “my imagination is vivid and strong. I was really happy.”
JM asked about the role coincidences play in his novels. HM: “I love Charles Dickens. His books full of coincidences.” He also refers to Phillip Marlowe whose novels has many dead bodies. Too many dead bodies, “even for LA (Los Angeles)”. That gets a big laugh from the audience.
HM on WUFC origin: “I just heard the bird (an actual one)… in the backyard of my house… just like winding up like a big clock… It’s the first time (hearing it)… I have not heard the call since then.” HM felt this was “predicting something”. He named the bird “Wind up bird”.
HM: “Answer is not so important to me… I have a sense of the unfinished… That is what I want.”
HM doesn’t reread his novels and often forgets things about his novels. “It’s fun to read the translation. I don’t know what will happen next.” Gets a laugh.
HM: “I don’t have any idea when I start writing.”
HM wrote WUBC with only 2 things in his mind – hearing the call of the bird in his backyard and once when he was cooking spaghetti, the telephone rang. That was all.
HM on writing: “I say to myself. What’s going to happen today.”
HM: “My imagination is like a kind of animal.”
Before we went to Q&A with the audience, Murakami interrupted John and said to the audience, “I live in Hawaii, 2 years, my English is not like yours.” He then said “Hang loose” and did the shaka sign, which now i know after checking it out, “is a gesture often associated with Hawaii and surf culture.” Big laughs.
When asked if he will reused some of the characters in his novels, he said no. HM: “I want to be blank in my mind”. He is not fond of going back.
When asked if he has any spiritual beliefs, “I’m not ready yet to die.” Big big laughs (This was what i wrote down and i don’t know if he said “i’m not yet ready to die”)
When asked about advice for writers, he said “No commuting, no meeting, no boss.” Again a lot of laughs.
HM says he writes about his obsessions – elephants, cats, etc.
When asked to comment on how sad his characters are, HM: “Really? I didn’t notice.” John said that Toru was sad about his marriage. HM: “Everybody’s sad (about their marriage). Funny.
HM commented on Gabriel Garcia Marquez and magic realism. He doesn’t think it’s magic realism. “I don’t think that way. These things happen naturally.”
HM: “It’s just simple realism. He wrote them down as they were.”
HM: “I don’t care if it’s natural or supernatural.”
HM: “I need music to write to” referring to harmony, rhythm and improvisation. Rhythm is especially important (“It’s so important to keep readers reading.”)
HM on what certain music pieces are used: “There must have been some reason… but I don’t remember.”
HM closes by describing how he recently got a letter from a Japanese fan who had been reading him for twenty years. The fan did not like his latest novel (Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage) but said he will still buy his next novel. HM describes this fan as an “ideal reader of mine”.
He never met anyone he felt like getting to know better, so he spent most of his time in Tokyo alone. On the plus side, he read constantly, more than he ever had before.
You can hide memories, but you can’t erase the history that produced them.
There are certain thoughts that, no matter what, you have to keep inside.
Jealousy—at least as far as he understood it from his dream—was the most hopeless prison in the world. Jealousy was not a place he was forced into by someone else, but a jail in which the inmate entered voluntarily, locked the door, and threw away the key. And not another soul in the world knew he was locked inside
This might sound rude, but I think it’s an amazing achievement to find even one specific thing that you’re interested in.
I don’t have any set, clear goal like you. I just want to think deeply about things. Contemplate ideas in a pure, free sort of way. That’s all.
“The cook hates the waiter, and they both hate the customer,” Haida said. “A line from the Arnold Wesker play The Kitchen. People whose freedom is taken away always end up hating somebody. Right? I know I don’t want to live like that.”
“Everything has boundaries. The same holds true with thought. You shouldn’t fear boundaries, but you also should not be afraid of destroying them. That’s what is most important if you want to be free: respect for and exasperation with boundaries. What’s really important in life is always the things that are secondary. That’s about all I can say.”
Something must be fundamentally wrong with me, Tsukuru often thought. Something must be blocking the normal flow of emotions, warping my personality. But Tsukuru couldn’t tell whether this blockage came about when he was rejected by his four friends, or whether it was something innate, a structural issue unrelated to the trauma he’d gone through.
The world isn’t that easily turned upside down, Haida replied. It’s people who are turned upside down.
Apart from whether I like it or not, I don’t reject thinking about things that aren’t logical. It’s not like I have some deep faith in logic. I think it’s important to find the point of intersection between what is logical and what is not.
You need to use the thread of logic, as best you can, to skillfully sew onto yourself everything that’s worth living for.
“I understand, but maybe it only appears, from the outside, that the wound is closed.” Sara gazed into his eyes and spoke quietly. “Maybe inside the wound, under the scab, the blood is still silently flowing. Haven’t you ever thought that?”
Haida liked looking things up at the library. Generally this meant I want to be alone for a while.
Basically a quick, impromptu brainwashing course to educate your typical corporate warriors. They use a training manual instead of sacred scriptures, with promotion and a high salary as their equivalent of enlightenment and paradise. A new religion for a pragmatic age. No transcendent elements like in a religion, though, and everything is theorized and digitalized. Very transparent and easy to grasp. And quite a few people get positive encouragement from this. But the fact remains that it’s nothing more than an infusion of the hypnotic into a system of thought that suits their goal, a conglomeration of only those theories and statistics that line up with their ultimate objectives.
And no matter how close we once were, and how much we opened up to each other, maybe neither of us knew anything substantial about the other.
But it would take a while for his mind to catch up to reality. It was nobody’s fault.
“But I work for a company, so I can’t just do what I like. There are all kinds of boring things I have to do.”
One other thing I learned from working in a company was that the majority of people in the world have no problem following orders. They’re actually happy to be told what to do. They might complain, but that’s not how they really feel. They just grumble out of habit. If you told them to think for themselves, and make their own decisions and take responsibility for them, they’d be clueless. So I decided I could turn that into a business.
Take your time. I can wait, Sara had said. But things weren’t that simple. People are in constant motion, never stationary.
Still, being able to feel pain was good, he thought. It’s when you can’t even feel any pain anymore that you’re in real trouble.
Some things in life are too complicated to explain in any language.
And in that moment, he was finally able to accept it all. In the deepest recesses of his soul, Tsukuru Tazaki understood. One heart is not connected to another through harmony alone. They are, instead, linked deeply through their wounds. Pain linked to pain, fragility to fragility. There is no silence without a cry of grief, no forgiveness without bloodshed, no acceptance without a passage through acute loss. That is what lies at the root of true harmony.
I survived the crisis. Swam through the night sea on my own. Each of us did what we had to do, in order to survive. I get the feeling that, even if we had made different decisions then, even if we had chosen to do things differently, we might have still ended up pretty much where we are now.
Everyone alive has a personality. It’s just more obvious with some people than with others.
No matter how honestly you open up to someone, there are still things you cannot reveal.
It’s just that it’s hard to survive in the real world.
We survived. You and I. And those who survive have a duty. Our duty is to do our best to keep on living. Even if our lives are not perfect.
There are some things women don’t want other people to see.
Don’t let the bad elves get you.
That amazing time in our lives is gone, and will never return. All the beautiful possibilities we had then have been swallowed up in the flow of time.
You don’t lack anything. Be confident and be bold. That’s all you need. Never let fear and stupid pride make you lose someone who’s precious to you.
But months passed, and contrary to his expectation, his heart didn’t stop. The heart apparently doesn’t stop that easily.
Sara said she has feelings for me. He had no reason to doubt it. But there are countless things in the world for which affection is not enough. Life is long, and sometimes cruel. Sometimes victims are needed. Someone has to take on that role.
“It’s the first thing I always say at our new employee training seminars. I gaze around the room, pick one person, and have him stand up. And this is what I say: I have some good news for you, and some bad news. The bad news first. We’re going to have to rip off either your fingernails or your toenails with pliers. I’m sorry, but it’s already decided. It can’t be changed. I pull out a huge, scary pair of pliers from my briefcase and show them to everybody. Slowly, making sure everybody gets a good look. And then I say: Here’s the good news. You have the freedom to choose which it’s going to be—your fingernails, or your toenails. So, which will it be? You have ten seconds to make up your mind. If you’re unable to decide, we’ll rip off both your fingernails and your toenails. I start the count. At about eight seconds most people say, ‘The toes.’ Okay, I say, toenails it is. I’ll use these pliers to rip them off. But before I do, I’d like you to tell me something. Why did you choose your toes and not your fingers? The person usually says, ‘I don’t know. I think they probably hurt the same. But since I had to choose one, I went with the toes.’ I turn to him and warmly applaud him. And I say, Welcome to the real world.”
From Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage
When I got Robin Williams’ rider, I was very surprised by what I found. He actually had a requirement that for every single event or film he did, the company hiring him also had to hire a certain number of homeless people and put them to work. I never watched a Robin Williams movie the same way after that.
Working for almost no money was a good experience. It taught me not to be proud or greedy and to appreciate the Japanese convenience store.